Table 16.2. Total tree volume (million m3) by species group, age class and boreal zone in Canada.
Boreal zone Species group Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Non-boreal Pine 24.71 66.85 162.08 449.25 529.07 459.31 530.96 308.50 176.60 104.18 122.77 0.00 2 934.28
Spruce 24.13 81.44 290.21 328.21 259.78 219.95 223.34 189.78 173.52 205.64 797.69 0.00 2 793.69
Hemlock 0.30 45.16 104.11 150.92 104.64 87.20 74.29 56.07 38.94 44.29 2 003.41 0.00 2 709.33
Fir 23.15 159.00 259.99 242.90 118.21 70.26 102.18 96.58 100.36 129.37 1 120.43 0.00 2 422.43
Douglas-fir 1.48 40.81 110.37 214.71 219.96 270.55 232.14 122.04 91.53 49.63 292.01 0.00 1 645.23
Poplar 18.88 111.42 324.31 443.71 358.10 66.28 34.03 10.68 5.72 2.94 3.23 0.00 1 379.30
Maple 16.98 59.99 450.92 254.58 393.10 97.28 58.22 31.62 5.51 4.80 0.30 0.00 1 373.30
Cedar & other conifers 1.32 18.67 55.86 45.93 58.66 33.32 14.45 10.68 14.79 31.10 934.40 0.00 1 219.18
Birch 11.90 54.57 221.86 254.69 253.78 27.00 15.73 4.50 0.97 0.35 0.46 0.00 845.81
Other hardwoods 17.22 15.90 54.29 63.59 30.90 12.16 2.07 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 196.13
Larch 1.43 4.11 14.59 28.41 28.98 32.59 15.84 7.69 2.31 2.95 12.95 0.00 151.85
Unspecified conifers 61.49 17.97 0.09 0.19 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 79.74
Unspecified hardwoods 48.11 4.83 0.90 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 53.99
Unclassified 5.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.05
Subtotal 256.15 680.72 2 049.58 2 477.24 2 355.18 1 375.90 1 303.25 838.14 610.25 575.25 5 287.65 0.00 17 809.31
Boreal Spruce 20.78 378.01 996.30 2 409.20 8 060.45 5 303.77 1 642.07 539.26 259.61 77.98 305.06 0.00 19 992.49
Poplar 47.28 215.22 1 031.74 1 755.58 1 124.63 452.84 142.70 33.72 8.79 0.79 7.07 0.00 4 820.36
Pine 68.14 207.31 385.01 544.13 612.49 371.62 229.42 138.04 61.97 14.17 44.22 0.00 2 676.52
Fir 4.64 49.82 111.70 157.46 248.78 122.69 65.89 54.84 56.17 25.30 178.98 0.00 1 076.27
Birch 5.50 63.96 229.25 236.62 270.33 44.06 13.53 0.54 0.97 0.00 0.00 0.00 864.76
Unspecified conifers 167.06 90.53 8.05 0.39 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 266.07
Larch 1.15 7.96 19.52 29.15 35.92 23.28 14.13 7.80 6.00 0.36 0.78 0.00 146.05
Unspecified hardwoods 40.86 5.77 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 46.90
Unclassified 41.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 41.34
Cedar & other conifers 0.02 0.74 1.07 3.62 6.95 7.11 8.24 7.07 0.94 0.43 0.00 0.00 36.19
Other hardwoods 0.96 3.15 2.70 7.76 5.06 5.44 0.49 0.36 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 26.03
Maple 0.07 0.25 14.30 1.66 3.40 2.96 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 22.73
Subtotal 397.80 1 022.72 2 799.91 5 145.57 10 368.05 6 333.77 2 116.56 781.63 394.56 119.03 536.11 0.00 30 015.71
Canada Spruce 44.91 459.45 1 286.51 2 737.41 8 320.23 5 523.72 1 865.41 729.04 433.13 283.62 1 102.75 0.00 22 786.18
Poplar 66.16 326.64 1 356.05 2 199.29 1 482.73 519.12 176.73 44.40 14.51 3.73 10.30 0.00 6 199.66
Pine 92.85 274.16 547.09 993.38 1 141.56 830.93 760.38 446.54 238.57 118.35 166.99 0.00 5 610.80
Fir 27.79 208.82 371.69 400.36 366.99 192.95 168.07 151.42 156.53 154.67 1 299.41 0.00 3 498.70
Hemlock 0.30 45.16 104.11 150.92 104.64 87.20 74.29 56.07 38.94 44.29 2 003.41 0.00 2 709.33
Birch 17.40 118.53 451.11 491.31 524.11 71.06 29.26 5.04 1.94 0.35 0.46 0.00 1 710.57
Douglas-fir 1.48 40.81 110.37 214.71 219.96 270.55 232.14 122.04 91.53 49.63 292.01 0.00 1 645.23
Maple 17.05 60.24 465.22 256.24 396.50 100.24 58.31 31.62 5.51 4.80 0.30 0.00 1 396.03
Cedar & other conifers 1.34 19.41 56.93 49.55 65.61 40.43 22.69 17.75 15.73 31.53 934.40 0.00 1 255.37
Unspecified conifers 228.55 108.50 8.14 0.58 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 345.81
Larch 2.58 12.07 34.11 57.56 64.90 55.87 29.97 15.49 8.31 3.31 13.73 0.00 297.90
Other hardwoods 18.18 19.05 56.99 71.35 35.96 17.60 2.56 0.36 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 222.16
Unspecified hardwoods 88.97 10.60 1.17 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 100.89
Unclassified 46.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 46.39
Total 653.95 1 703.44 4 849.49 7 622.81 12 723.23 7 709.67 3 419.81 1 619.77 1 004.81 694.28 5 823.76 0.00 47 825.02
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, revised 2006 baseline (Version 3, December 2013) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Non-boreal zone in the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) are not inventoried. The total land and water area amounts to approximately 252,202.08 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.