Table 16.2. Total tree volume (million m3) by species group, age class and boreal zone in Canada.
Boreal zone Species group Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Non-boreal Hemlock 5.41 62.90 143.73 139.51 150.78 75.40 84.47 49.40 63.16 39.45 2 152.70 0.00 2 966.91
Spruce 22.34 112.48 290.89 368.43 337.33 237.03 285.35 269.88 154.28 132.69 695.98 0.00 2 906.67
Fir 21.31 136.36 267.87 221.35 189.26 121.50 121.34 163.31 165.80 152.66 1 200.98 0.00 2 761.75
Pine 21.87 127.96 151.43 278.15 544.25 396.90 390.34 248.65 113.48 62.67 128.81 0.00 2 464.51
Douglas-fir 1.71 23.86 116.36 174.01 212.03 279.19 280.52 213.40 70.28 59.90 302.58 0.00 1 733.84
Maple 15.58 63.48 365.86 457.46 436.41 108.84 15.37 6.23 4.60 0.00 0.76 0.00 1 474.58
Cedar & other conifers 2.84 19.34 57.09 48.75 59.94 42.35 19.30 23.08 21.66 32.86 1 071.37 0.00 1 398.59
Poplar 42.43 179.13 259.50 294.40 269.31 134.65 70.26 42.73 3.97 9.21 10.55 0.00 1 316.14
Birch 14.04 86.40 186.33 209.17 255.05 87.92 16.51 6.07 0.21 0.40 0.81 0.00 862.93
Other hardwoods 1.78 19.79 71.20 67.17 46.93 15.22 2.99 0.64 0.01 1.91 6.64 0.00 234.28
Larch 0.97 5.85 16.45 21.66 35.01 28.92 27.29 8.68 5.57 2.79 17.02 0.00 170.21
Unspecified conifers 29.62 34.65 13.45 5.42 1.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 84.17
Unspecified hardwoods 30.74 19.87 19.54 3.70 9.29 0.39 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 83.68
Unclassified 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.26
Subtotal 210.90 892.07 1 959.70 2 289.18 2 546.65 1 528.30 1 313.89 1 032.07 603.02 494.55 5 588.21 0.00 18 458.53
Boreal Spruce 68.99 444.58 1 470.89 2 508.73 3 885.90 5 459.39 3 855.52 1 198.05 356.04 71.97 305.71 0.00 19 625.76
Poplar 166.56 381.34 662.02 1 687.98 1 510.67 679.36 330.26 109.79 17.62 6.41 5.98 0.00 5 557.99
Pine 149.25 469.98 472.00 702.79 488.17 456.63 345.54 178.09 73.61 19.21 51.68 0.00 3 406.94
Fir 15.58 136.64 185.80 156.69 302.09 139.09 145.44 92.31 72.34 27.57 85.99 0.00 1 359.54
Birch 31.05 110.91 198.96 219.48 234.80 114.47 18.46 4.63 0.66 0.96 1.07 0.00 935.47
Larch 8.30 39.36 102.56 131.43 119.47 94.08 56.01 26.88 5.37 1.24 2.16 0.00 586.85
Unspecified conifers 86.28 100.13 18.64 2.43 0.26 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 207.74
Maple 0.15 2.67 17.05 27.37 15.17 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 62.67
Unspecified hardwoods 36.76 12.48 0.40 0.02 0.00 0.00 < 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 49.66
Cedar & other conifers 0.09 0.23 1.56 4.44 8.36 11.39 6.11 3.04 0.84 0.00 0.00 0.00 36.05
Other hardwoods 0.55 2.01 4.05 7.61 6.35 4.58 0.94 0.68 0.27 0.10 0.00 0.00 27.14
Unclassified 2.29 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.30
Subtotal 565.86 1 700.32 3 133.93 5 448.96 6 571.24 6 959.25 4 758.26 1 613.48 526.76 127.46 452.60 0.00 31 858.12
Canada Spruce 91.33 557.06 1 761.78 2 877.16 4 223.23 5 696.41 4 140.87 1 467.94 510.31 204.65 1 001.70 0.00 22 532.43
Poplar 208.98 560.47 921.52 1 982.38 1 779.98 814.01 400.52 152.52 21.59 15.62 16.53 0.00 6 874.13
Pine 171.13 597.94 623.43 980.94 1 032.41 853.53 735.88 426.74 187.09 81.89 180.49 0.00 5 871.45
Fir 36.90 272.99 453.67 378.04 491.36 260.59 266.78 255.62 238.14 180.24 1 286.97 0.00 4 121.30
Hemlock 5.41 62.90 143.73 139.51 150.78 75.40 84.47 49.40 63.16 39.45 2 152.70 0.00 2 966.91
Birch 45.09 197.31 385.29 428.65 489.85 202.39 34.97 10.70 0.88 1.37 1.89 0.00 1 798.40
Douglas-fir 1.71 23.86 116.36 174.01 212.03 279.19 280.52 213.40 70.28 59.90 302.58 0.00 1 733.84
Maple 15.73 66.14 382.90 484.83 451.58 109.11 15.37 6.23 4.60 0.00 0.76 0.00 1 537.26
Cedar & other conifers 2.93 19.57 58.65 53.19 68.30 53.74 25.41 26.12 22.50 32.86 1 071.37 0.00 1 434.64
Larch 9.27 45.21 119.01 153.08 154.48 122.99 83.30 35.56 10.94 4.03 19.18 0.00 757.06
Unspecified conifers 115.90 134.78 32.09 7.84 1.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 291.92
Other hardwoods 2.34 21.80 75.25 74.78 53.28 19.80 3.93 1.32 0.28 2.01 6.64 0.00 261.42
Unspecified hardwoods 67.50 32.35 19.94 3.72 9.29 0.39 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 133.34
Unclassified 2.55 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.55
Total 776.76 2 592.39 5 093.63 7 738.13 9 117.88 8 487.54 6 072.16 2 645.55 1 129.78 622.00 6 040.81 0.00 50 316.64
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, August 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Non-boreal zone in the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) are not inventoried. The total land and water area amounts to approximately 252,202.08 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.