Table 22.2. Area (1000 ha) of forest land by IUCN1 category, ownership and boreal zone in Canada.
Boreal zone IUCN category Ownership Total
Federal Provincial Territorial Municipal Indigenous Private Other2
Non-boreal NA 142.33 51 582.09 192.95 399.10 777.84 19 895.24 567.91 73 557.45
Ia 16.81 90.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.77 0.00 114.42
Ib 0.00 1 916.43 23.97 0.00 0.00 21.97 < 0.01 1 962.37
II 1 004.53 6 166.29 0.66 < 0.01 0.10 14.13 33.37 7 219.08
III 0.00 52.73 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.60 < 0.01 53.33
IV 0.00 344.39 0.00 0.00 0.00 28.29 0.17 372.85
V 0.00 0.40 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.40
VI < 0.01 34.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.63 0.00 34.72
Other 0.00 64.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 0.00 65.50
Subtotal 1 163.68 60 251.91 217.58 399.10 777.93 19 968.48 601.45 83 380.13
Boreal NA 248.73 195 672.98 46 615.16 577.33 7 799.99 4 330.30 2 204.92 257 449.42
Ia 0.00 216.57 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 216.57
Ib 244.13 5 796.56 694.94 0.00 19.85 7.77 18.16 6 781.40
II 4 315.70 9 570.44 1 329.34 0.00 0.00 3.52 132.55 15 351.55
III 0.00 72.99 8.74 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 81.73
IV < 0.01 666.19 126.96 0.00 22.48 0.50 0.28 816.41
V 0.00 17.55 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.55
VI 116.90 16.18 179.90 0.00 24.77 < 0.01 0.00 337.75
Other 0.00 881.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 881.05
Subtotal 4 925.46 212 910.51 48 955.05 577.33 7 867.08 4 342.10 2 355.91 281 933.44
Canada NA 391.07 247 255.07 46 808.11 976.43 8 577.82 24 225.54 2 772.83 331 006.87
Ia 16.81 307.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.77 0.00 330.99
Ib 244.13 7 712.99 718.91 0.00 19.85 29.74 18.16 8 743.77
II 5 320.23 15 736.73 1 330.01 < 0.01 0.10 17.66 165.92 22 570.63
III 0.00 125.72 8.74 0.00 0.00 0.60 < 0.01 135.06
IV < 0.01 1 010.58 126.96 0.00 22.48 28.79 0.45 1 189.26
V 0.00 17.95 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.95
VI 116.90 50.27 179.90 0.00 24.77 0.64 0.00 372.48
Other 0.00 945.70 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.85 0.00 946.55
Total 6 089.14 273 162.43 49 172.63 976.43 8 645.01 24 310.58 2 957.36 365 313.58
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, August 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Non-boreal zone in the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) are not inventoried. The total land and water area amounts to approximately 252,202.08 thousand ha.
1 IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature (http://www.iucn.org). Data obtained from the Canadian Protected and Conserved Areas Database (CPCAD) (https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/national-wildlife-areas/protected-conserved-areas-database.html).
2 Missing, unknown or other ownerships.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) category
IUCN Category Description
NA Not protected
Ia Protected area managed mainly for science
Ib Protected area managed mainly for wilderness protection
II Protected area managed mainly for ecosystem protection and recreation
III Protected area managed mainly for conservation of specific natural features
IV Protected area managed mainly for conservation through management intervention
V Protected area managed mainly for landscape/seascape protection and recreation
VI Protected area managed mainly for the sustainable use of natural resources
Other Protected with missing or unknown category