Table 14.0. Area (1000 ha) of forest land by species group and age class in Canada.
Species group Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Spruce 3 400.04 11 001.44 21 940.32 26 292.85 35 877.56 38 238.40 34 465.45 9 810.83 2 025.66 688.42 3 469.81 502.73 187 713.52
Pine 5 926.74 8 351.75 5 755.65 6 080.10 5 173.01 3 371.32 2 443.76 1 305.89 550.90 266.54 719.49 56.56 40 001.71
Poplar 4 343.79 5 479.55 5 975.18 9 838.78 8 241.06 3 644.70 1 162.52 407.65 53.83 27.95 47.45 31.92 39 254.38
Fir 807.11 2 907.05 3 214.24 2 531.52 3 330.79 1 662.15 1 542.39 1 164.97 1 028.96 779.48 3 968.68 28.37 22 965.71
Unclassified 56.34 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 16 318.20 16 374.63
Birch 1 490.76 2 666.39 3 199.60 2 743.25 2 388.78 724.14 158.03 44.69 4.20 3.53 7.02 28.70 13 459.08
Larch 456.82 1 145.96 1 941.96 2 035.03 1 689.88 1 148.95 608.78 354.85 77.57 27.95 77.47 14.45 9 579.66
Maple 279.49 761.08 2 636.32 2 934.47 2 288.58 536.92 61.03 24.26 20.96 0.00 1.51 0.86 9 545.47
Hemlock 225.69 390.37 390.64 289.63 339.57 188.73 207.37 122.79 167.21 113.01 3 688.82 0.00 6 123.82
Douglas-fir 172.21 166.36 351.04 402.20 600.59 746.10 722.40 590.19 227.18 184.59 747.31 0.00 4 910.17
Unspecified conifers 2 456.57 1 613.43 261.85 61.03 7.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19.77 4 420.56
Cedar & other conifers 87.53 215.51 342.39 302.54 334.92 241.51 114.56 82.89 80.89 135.39 2 164.16 0.03 4 102.31
Unspecified hardwoods 1 259.05 361.97 128.30 25.18 48.02 2.27 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 1 825.74
Other hardwoods 61.41 278.40 467.93 427.25 271.18 102.38 15.75 9.46 2.36 3.33 13.55 4.30 1 657.31
Total 21 023.55 35 339.35 46 605.41 53 963.82 60 591.82 50 607.58 41 502.69 13 918.46 4 239.73 2 230.18 14 905.27 17 006.18 361 934.06
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, July 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic), and the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut, are not inventoried. These non-inventoried areas total 262,189.89 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.