Table 16.0. Total tree volume (million m3) by species group and age class in Canada.
Species group Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Spruce 91.18 556.07 1 761.27 2 868.88 4 201.60 5 448.18 3 992.18 1 463.11 505.66 202.30 992.35 0.00 22 082.78
Poplar 208.87 559.85 919.26 1 977.93 1 756.70 812.17 398.48 151.67 21.46 15.88 16.61 0.00 6 838.87
Pine 171.15 597.20 622.04 978.23 1 026.05 849.40 729.25 421.88 184.41 80.65 177.93 0.00 5 838.18
Fir 36.84 273.02 453.80 377.63 489.04 259.24 265.45 253.59 235.67 178.28 1 309.14 0.00 4 131.71
Hemlock 5.74 66.81 151.84 146.84 157.31 77.76 87.40 50.98 65.69 40.31 2 264.58 0.00 3 115.27
Douglas-fir 1.77 24.88 122.32 182.50 214.06 279.66 280.04 210.99 70.24 60.30 307.78 0.00 1 754.55
Birch 44.91 197.24 384.88 428.85 412.48 132.89 34.88 10.69 0.87 1.35 1.92 0.00 1 650.97
Maple 15.75 66.39 384.59 487.16 453.91 109.62 15.51 6.27 4.65 0.00 0.81 0.00 1 544.65
Cedar & other conifers 2.98 19.92 59.66 53.97 68.96 54.40 25.50 26.98 23.62 34.55 1 124.02 0.00 1 494.55
Larch 9.25 45.25 118.81 152.77 153.74 122.30 82.69 35.44 10.86 3.97 18.84 0.00 753.92
Unspecified conifers 115.35 134.15 32.00 7.83 1.30 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 290.63
Other hardwoods 2.35 22.17 77.60 76.10 54.22 20.41 4.02 1.32 0.28 2.13 7.07 0.00 267.67
Unspecified hardwoods 67.35 32.34 20.03 3.73 9.34 0.39 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 133.32
Unclassified 2.53 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.54
Total 776.04 2 595.29 5 108.09 7 742.41 8 998.72 8 166.42 5 915.56 2 632.91 1 123.40 619.72 6 221.04 0.00 49 899.60
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, July 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic), and the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut, are not inventoried. These non-inventoried areas total 262,189.89 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.