Table 1.1. Area (1000 ha) of land cover by terrestrial ecozone in Canada.
Terrestrial ecozone Vegetated Non-vegetated Other1 Total2
Treed Non-treed Total Land Water Total
Taiga Plains 36 551.60 17 194.50 53 746.10 3 001.04 9 020.93 12 021.97 0.00 65 768.07
Taiga Shield 48 599.96 51 451.80 100 051.76 9 897.49 29 371.36 39 268.84 2.20 139 322.81
Boreal Shield 129 751.05 31 927.85 161 678.90 2 141.94 28 285.36 30 427.29 1.08 192 107.28
Atlantic Maritime 16 108.05 2 834.37 18 942.42 697.91 516.75 1 214.67 0.00 20 157.09
Mixedwood Plains 3 348.63 6 035.84 9 384.47 1 630.50 5 839.15 7 469.65 0.00 16 854.12
Boreal Plains 48 478.78 15 683.21 64 161.99 2 955.17 6 953.95 9 909.12 0.95 74 072.06
Prairies 2 948.92 32 986.20 35 935.12 8 661.94 2 062.14 10 724.08 0.00 46 659.21
Taiga Cordillera 6 650.83 12 451.71 19 102.55 7 333.39 269.22 7 602.61 0.00 26 705.16
Boreal Cordillera 20 738.95 13 729.40 34 468.35 11 478.20 1 134.31 12 612.51 0.00 47 080.86
Pacific Maritime 11 594.29 2 086.14 13 680.43 6 667.45 528.16 7 195.60 0.00 20 876.03
Montane Cordillera 33 530.36 7 351.48 40 881.84 6 603.01 1 493.57 8 096.57 0.00 48 978.41
Hudson Plains 18 886.03 15 419.08 34 305.11 247.29 2 645.17 2 892.45 0.00 37 197.57
Canada 377 187.45 209 151.59 586 339.03 61 315.32 88 120.05 149 435.38 4.24 735 778.65
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, July 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic), and the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut, are not inventoried. These non-inventoried areas total 262,189.89 thousand ha.
1 Missing, unknown or other land covers.
2 The areas of the ecozones are based on the Atlas of Canada 1:1 000 000 scale base map reprojected to Albers Equal Area Conic projection (ESRI: 102001).