Table 5.1. Area (1000 ha) of forest land by forest type, age class and terrestrial ecozone in Canada.
Terrestrial ecozone Forest type Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Taiga Plains Treed Coniferous 417.40 1 112.13 2 080.14 2 937.40 5 386.76 13 713.61 963.39 586.34 257.54 31.78 63.25 0.00 27 549.75
Treed Broadleaf 358.14 255.33 284.30 934.00 1 462.87 226.75 210.43 98.78 15.39 0.32 0.00 0.00 3 846.31
Treed Mixedwood 240.48 322.03 288.34 547.94 818.77 1 217.63 209.42 78.89 24.55 13.26 9.06 0.00 3 770.37
Non-treed 0.30 1.42 0.02 3.11 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 78.89 84.07
Subtotal 1 016.32 1 690.90 2 652.81 4 422.45 7 668.74 15 157.99 1 383.25 764.01 297.48 45.35 72.31 78.89 35 250.50
Taiga Shield Treed Coniferous 541.46 1 597.09 2 841.04 2 740.85 6 315.62 7 199.68 14 629.15 4 823.83 32.12 42.16 567.14 0.00 41 330.13
Non-treed 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.78 1.65 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 4 440.81 4 443.24
Treed Mixedwood 138.89 148.42 87.54 114.74 173.87 57.64 818.27 8.59 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 547.96
Treed Broadleaf 139.74 71.81 42.57 31.93 85.33 876.89 0.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 249.21
Subtotal 820.09 1 817.33 2 971.15 2 888.30 6 576.48 8 134.21 15 448.34 4 832.42 32.12 42.16 567.14 4 440.81 48 570.54
Boreal Shield Treed Coniferous 5 432.47 11 711.45 15 133.56 15 056.34 16 975.61 8 340.33 10 638.48 1 784.57 319.73 33.77 11.11 0.00 85 437.40
Treed Mixedwood 3 314.76 4 277.81 4 815.45 5 263.85 5 604.69 1 169.32 349.92 88.62 30.70 7.76 9.12 0.00 24 931.98
Treed Broadleaf 2 068.29 2 452.43 3 519.89 3 499.98 2 876.82 618.73 113.70 30.53 14.12 5.43 0.00 0.00 15 199.93
Non-treed 21.18 5.58 10.11 20.90 4.93 0.14 0.10 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00 6 878.19 6 941.16
Subtotal 10 836.69 18 447.27 23 479.01 23 841.06 25 462.05 10 128.51 11 102.19 1 903.72 364.58 46.96 20.23 6 878.19 132 510.46
Atlantic Maritime Treed Coniferous 1 014.37 1 586.16 1 409.52 1 454.79 984.59 406.68 82.03 18.83 0.56 0.00 0.00 0.00 6 957.53
Treed Mixedwood 920.11 1 022.80 1 270.02 1 514.60 686.72 242.12 14.39 2.96 0.00 0.60 0.00 0.00 5 674.31
Treed Broadleaf 413.71 558.05 698.48 886.05 566.35 185.02 6.15 6.76 1.24 0.00 0.21 0.00 3 322.01
Non-treed 2.33 1.14 2.69 2.15 0.24 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 682.40 690.96
Subtotal 2 350.52 3 168.15 3 380.72 3 857.60 2 237.90 833.82 102.57 28.55 1.79 0.60 0.21 682.40 16 644.81
Mixedwood Plains Treed Broadleaf 60.78 252.75 716.35 569.05 292.35 53.61 7.67 3.95 1.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 957.72
Treed Mixedwood 38.96 156.51 337.78 173.66 77.84 15.75 6.50 0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 807.35
Treed Coniferous 56.81 138.77 162.45 73.82 26.34 3.09 1.39 1.85 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 464.51
Non-treed 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 172.95 172.95
Subtotal 156.55 548.02 1 216.57 816.52 396.53 72.45 15.56 6.16 1.20 0.00 0.00 172.95 3 402.53
Boreal Plains Treed Coniferous 1 179.14 2 249.32 3 346.14 6 162.87 4 649.22 3 548.18 1 841.16 781.74 347.09 80.21 71.89 0.00 24 256.96
Treed Broadleaf 1 200.80 1 555.30 1 909.98 3 778.84 2 271.99 1 056.01 332.96 59.24 7.67 0.48 0.00 0.00 12 173.28
Treed Mixedwood 549.04 677.56 701.74 1 570.05 1 064.15 804.06 420.25 122.93 39.55 6.72 0.88 0.00 5 956.92
Non-treed 42.14 57.02 36.89 18.42 38.17 18.30 0.49 2.31 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 451.36 1 665.09
Subtotal 2 971.13 4 539.19 5 994.75 11 530.18 8 023.54 5 426.54 2 594.86 966.21 394.31 87.41 72.77 1 451.36 44 052.25
Prairies Treed Broadleaf 296.68 652.17 155.88 35.17 14.42 2.07 0.00 0.08 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 156.48
Non-treed 7.00 4.03 0.38 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 272.81 284.21
Treed Coniferous 2.01 10.43 31.56 1.52 3.32 7.59 0.64 2.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 59.41
Treed Mixedwood 3.74 6.15 5.01 4.27 1.34 3.32 0.33 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 24.16
Subtotal 309.44 672.79 192.82 40.95 19.08 12.98 0.98 2.42 0.00 0.00 0.00 272.81 1 524.26
Taiga Cordillera Treed Coniferous 2.22 81.89 653.21 726.31 430.36 1 138.76 2 644.91 119.25 38.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 5 835.83
Treed Mixedwood 37.23 20.42 49.09 38.70 35.34 43.37 104.94 1.11 7.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 337.46
Treed Broadleaf 2.95 25.90 14.15 27.97 86.36 0.34 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 157.68
Non-treed 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 6.06 0.42 0.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 62.39 68.96
Subtotal 42.40 128.21 716.45 792.98 558.12 1 182.89 2 749.94 120.36 46.19 0.00 0.00 62.39 6 399.93
Boreal Cordillera Treed Coniferous 86.79 299.67 1 386.79 1 590.07 1 915.55 3 047.53 1 935.01 1 211.43 887.25 223.96 1 552.34 0.00 14 136.41
Treed Mixedwood 59.17 139.59 450.77 422.62 335.71 345.82 199.18 182.93 47.44 8.40 52.11 0.00 2 243.73
Treed Broadleaf 78.81 135.20 438.38 265.02 158.13 164.54 81.12 28.75 5.70 2.71 3.47 0.00 1 361.83
Non-treed 0.00 3.76 29.87 45.04 95.79 87.11 73.72 52.48 7.56 0.00 0.00 452.53 847.85
Subtotal 224.77 578.22 2 305.80 2 322.75 2 505.18 3 645.01 2 289.03 1 475.59 947.96 235.06 1 607.91 452.53 18 589.82
Pacific Maritime Treed Coniferous 443.66 701.28 692.97 487.68 352.54 321.34 289.46 239.26 266.01 299.37 6 594.54 0.00 10 688.11
Treed Broadleaf 2.53 15.75 71.72 51.50 81.47 64.61 14.78 17.21 0.08 9.85 10.20 0.00 339.70
Treed Mixedwood 13.27 37.55 67.30 63.87 47.12 39.48 9.70 11.83 3.10 0.01 18.69 0.00 311.93
Non-treed 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 296.45 296.45
Subtotal 459.46 754.58 831.99 603.05 481.13 425.43 313.94 268.30 269.19 309.23 6 623.44 296.45 11 636.19
Montane Cordillera Treed Coniferous 1 560.19 1 678.14 912.73 1 426.31 2 833.57 3 325.76 3 416.63 2 999.88 1 842.84 1 438.96 5 913.66 0.00 27 348.64
Treed Mixedwood 182.91 165.44 202.54 192.12 413.51 275.42 235.58 156.74 30.05 19.60 19.79 0.00 1 893.69
Non-treed 2.35 2.02 0.00 0.11 4.71 1.41 0.51 0.17 0.00 0.06 0.00 1 634.46 1 645.80
Treed Broadleaf 7.07 72.47 73.37 133.11 291.94 120.10 99.39 57.53 5.59 4.54 7.83 0.00 872.94
Subtotal 1 752.53 1 918.07 1 188.63 1 751.64 3 543.73 3 722.69 3 752.11 3 214.32 1 878.48 1 463.16 5 941.27 1 634.46 31 761.07
Hudson Plains Treed Coniferous 56.57 1 046.12 1 640.44 983.74 1 140.91 1 784.67 1 744.59 335.36 6.43 0.25 0.00 0.00 8 739.08
Treed Mixedwood 8.13 22.88 31.32 36.08 1 964.50 77.54 3.92 1.04 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2 145.41
Non-treed 0.00 0.00 0.08 1.91 0.74 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 582.93 585.76
Treed Broadleaf 18.96 7.62 2.87 74.61 13.22 2.72 1.44 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 121.44
Subtotal 83.67 1 076.62 1 674.72 1 096.33 3 119.36 1 865.04 1 749.94 336.40 6.43 0.25 0.00 582.93 11 591.69
Canada Treed Coniferous 10 793.09 22 212.45 30 290.55 33 641.69 41 014.38 42 837.22 38 186.83 12 904.68 3 998.49 2 150.44 14 773.93 0.00 252 803.76
Treed Mixedwood 5 506.68 6 997.15 8 306.90 9 942.49 11 223.57 4 291.48 2 372.39 656.00 182.66 56.35 109.64 0.00 49 645.28
Treed Broadleaf 4 648.48 6 054.78 7 927.94 10 287.22 8 201.26 3 371.39 868.56 302.84 50.99 23.34 21.71 0.00 41 758.53
Non-treed 75.30 74.96 80.02 92.41 152.62 107.50 74.91 54.95 7.59 0.06 0.00 17 006.18 17 726.50
Total 21 023.56 35 339.35 46 605.42 53 963.82 60 591.83 50 607.58 41 502.69 13 918.47 4 239.73 2 230.18 14 905.27 17 006.18 361 934.07
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, July 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic), and the Taiga Plains and Hudson Plains ecozones located in Nunavut, are not inventoried. These non-inventoried areas total 262,189.89 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.