Table 14.2. Area (1000 ha) of forest land by species group, age class and boreal zone in Canada.
Boreal zone Species group Age (years) Total
1-20 21-40 41-60 61-80 81-100 101-120 121-140 141-160 161-180 181-200 201+ Other1
Non-boreal Spruce 1 012.82 1 685.67 2 116.37 2 280.15 1 787.54 1 029.09 1 157.62 735.33 403.23 354.35 1 647.50 1.34 14 211.01
Pine 1 399.19 1 613.37 994.65 1 504.17 2 232.67 1 492.35 1 253.72 751.89 330.71 225.71 536.11 15.78 12 350.30
Fir 545.14 1 412.31 1 661.99 1 257.49 997.55 589.52 546.82 617.49 609.23 607.47 3 269.54 1.26 12 115.80
Maple 272.09 717.33 2 499.29 2 740.12 2 213.48 533.27 60.48 24.13 20.74 0.00 1.43 0.85 9 083.20
Poplar 892.21 1 753.40 1 616.78 1 467.70 1 110.76 389.84 179.56 104.15 12.18 13.07 20.15 0.00 7 559.80
Hemlock 212.91 368.12 371.40 277.02 328.25 182.78 200.58 119.54 160.74 110.37 3 505.58 0.00 5 837.29
Birch 334.99 1 029.46 1 276.97 1 212.44 1 363.78 440.47 55.95 21.85 0.82 0.73 1.71 1.65 5 740.83
Douglas-fir 166.67 161.75 338.71 391.42 603.61 751.46 729.81 597.53 229.15 185.44 745.21 0.00 4 900.75
Cedar & other conifers 82.17 206.60 310.26 247.70 265.87 162.79 68.97 60.40 66.78 127.98 2 052.94 0.00 3 652.46
Unclassified 5.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 3 637.18 3 642.90
Other hardwoods 44.25 230.94 407.72 365.08 201.77 48.61 9.60 3.90 0.19 2.63 12.74 0.00 1 327.45
Unspecified conifers 650.22 351.37 94.51 35.60 6.10 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2.26 1 140.06
Unspecified hardwoods 568.85 198.77 121.94 24.77 47.80 2.26 0.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.07 964.95
Larch 42.18 69.81 128.72 142.38 138.15 103.76 106.46 32.72 20.57 11.21 57.38 0.00 853.33
Subtotal 6 229.41 9 798.90 11 939.31 11 946.02 11 297.32 5 726.20 4 370.07 3 068.92 1 854.34 1 638.95 11 850.31 3 660.39 83 380.13
Boreal Spruce 2 401.80 9 344.70 19 843.15 24 072.22 34 215.54 38 621.03 34 213.38 9 074.04 1 639.56 341.51 1 861.48 502.19 176 130.60
Poplar 3 455.68 3 730.05 4 368.73 8 392.95 7 252.91 3 268.51 988.83 305.69 42.05 14.73 27.48 31.96 31 879.57
Pine 4 543.87 6 754.19 4 775.94 4 588.61 2 965.46 1 892.60 1 210.98 568.39 227.67 43.50 191.53 40.69 27 803.43
Unclassified 50.97 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 12 704.55 12 755.61
Fir 261.57 1 497.80 1 557.23 1 278.85 2 348.05 1 079.78 1 004.10 557.06 430.62 181.85 687.32 27.11 10 911.35
Larch 417.31 1 076.69 1 818.06 1 899.04 1 557.64 1 049.61 505.03 321.35 57.13 17.01 21.32 14.59 8 754.77
Birch 1 163.02 1 636.34 1 924.33 1 529.73 1 433.04 633.77 102.56 22.85 3.42 2.84 5.26 27.13 8 484.29
Unspecified conifers 1 818.03 1 270.33 168.27 25.58 1.80 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 17.64 3 301.64
Unspecified hardwoods 693.16 163.61 5.89 0.38 0.00 0.00 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.23 863.42
Maple 7.04 40.56 125.56 181.45 64.17 1.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 419.92
Other hardwoods 16.91 46.58 54.52 59.63 67.24 52.55 6.11 5.54 2.15 0.52 0.00 4.35 316.11
Cedar & other conifers 1.62 6.54 30.17 53.36 67.74 77.45 45.23 20.06 10.56 0.00 0.00 0.03 312.74
Subtotal 14 830.97 25 567.50 34 671.85 42 081.80 49 973.60 46 676.45 38 076.36 10 874.98 2 413.15 601.95 2 794.39 13 370.45 281 933.45
Canada Spruce 3 414.62 11 030.37 21 959.51 26 352.37 36 003.07 39 650.12 35 371.00 9 809.37 2 042.79 695.85 3 508.98 503.53 190 341.61
Pine 5 943.06 8 367.56 5 770.59 6 092.78 5 198.13 3 384.95 2 464.70 1 320.28 558.37 269.20 727.64 56.46 40 153.73
Poplar 4 347.89 5 483.45 5 985.51 9 860.64 8 363.67 3 658.35 1 168.39 409.84 54.24 27.79 47.63 31.96 39 439.36
Fir 806.71 2 910.11 3 219.22 2 536.34 3 345.60 1 669.30 1 550.92 1 174.55 1 039.84 789.32 3 956.87 28.37 23 027.15
Unclassified 56.69 0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 16 341.73 16 398.51
Birch 1 498.01 2 665.80 3 201.30 2 742.17 2 796.83 1 074.24 158.51 44.70 4.24 3.57 6.97 28.78 14 225.12
Larch 459.49 1 146.50 1 946.77 2 041.41 1 695.79 1 153.37 611.49 354.07 77.70 28.22 78.70 14.59 9 608.10
Maple 279.13 757.89 2 624.85 2 921.57 2 277.65 534.40 60.48 24.13 20.74 0.00 1.43 0.85 9 503.13
Hemlock 212.91 368.12 371.40 277.02 328.25 182.78 200.58 119.54 160.74 110.37 3 505.58 0.00 5 837.29
Douglas-fir 166.67 161.75 338.71 391.42 603.61 751.46 729.81 597.53 229.15 185.44 745.21 0.00 4 900.75
Unspecified conifers 2 468.25 1 621.70 262.78 61.18 7.90 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 19.90 4 441.70
Cedar & other conifers 83.79 213.13 340.43 301.06 333.61 240.24 114.20 80.45 77.34 127.98 2 052.94 0.03 3 965.20
Unspecified hardwoods 1 262.01 362.38 127.83 25.15 47.80 2.26 0.64 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.30 1 828.37
Other hardwoods 61.16 277.52 462.25 424.71 269.01 101.16 15.71 9.45 2.35 3.15 12.74 4.35 1 643.56
Total 21 060.37 35 366.39 46 611.16 54 027.82 61 270.93 52 402.64 42 446.43 13 943.90 4 267.50 2 240.90 14 644.69 17 030.85 365 313.58
Source: Canada's National Forest Inventory, combined remeasured (2007-2017) and projected (2006-2017 with NFI projection system) data (Version 1, August 2021) (http://nfi.nfis.org)
Note: The Non-boreal zone in the Arctic ecozones (Arctic Cordillera, Northern Arctic, Southern Arctic) are not inventoried. The total land and water area amounts to approximately 252,202.08 thousand ha.
1 Missing or unknown age class.